These pieces are made of Japan­ese mul­berry paper and the gil­ded edges of old books. They are con­struc­ted by a tech­nique of rolling and shap­ing nar­row strips of paper called quilling or paper fili­gree. Quilling was first prac­ticed by Renais­sance nuns and monks who are said to have made artist­ic use of the gil­ded edges of worn out bibles, and later by 18th cen­tury ladies who made artist­ic use of lots of free time. I find quilling exquis­itely sat­is­fy­ing for ren­der­ing the densely squished and lovely intern­al land­scape of the human body in cross section.